Formula 1 Racing is Turbocharged

turbochargerinengineYes, the Formula 1 races have begun. The world is three races in with the fourth Grand Prix scheduled for April 20 in China.  As the world watches in awe at the versatility and speed (let’s face it, the races are all about the cars, right?), engineers marvel at the aerodynamics, energy recovery systems, turbochargers and internal combustion engines (because we love engineering).

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Which gas turbine is the best for my combined cycle power plant conversion?

combinedcyclesThe goal of this test case is to find the gas turbine necessary to produce 58 MW of total net power for the conversion of a steam turbine to a combined gas-steam cycle while providing the highest level of cycle thermal efficiency.

The exhaust gases from the gas turbine are used to heat up steam through three HRSGs (Heat Recovery Steam Generators) in series. The steam is then used in the studied steam turbine which is comprised of two “cylinders” in series.
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Shortening Start-Up Time and Life Prediction of Critical Components

steamturbine
Steam Turbine

This month we’re hosting the third segment to our Steam Turbine Webinar Series.

Shortening Start-Up Time and Life Prediction of Critical Components

Shortening  turbine start-up is a main concern for power machinery operators and manufacturers – is it a concern of yours? Continue reading “Shortening Start-Up Time and Life Prediction of Critical Components”

5 Steps to Advanced 3D Blade Design

3dbladedesign
3 Blade Design

To decrease losses and increase performance of a turbine, we need to develop special (compound) geometries. Here’s your turbomachinery cheat sheet to advanced 3D blade design!

1. Optimizing plane profiling

There are several positive things that can give proper plane sections profiling: decreasing the profile losses, decreasing secondary losses and satisfying structural limitations. Continue reading “5 Steps to Advanced 3D Blade Design”

Should You Be Implementing the Organic Rankine Cycle?

To have a successful application of an ORC system, the availability of an adequate heat source is crucial. In principal every heat-generating process, such as burning fossil fuel, can be taken as a heat source for ORC.

However, the aim is to improve energy efficiency and sustainability of new or existing applications with the focus on waste heat and renewable energy sources.

Three sectors have been identified as potential sources for the application of ORC power generation: Continue reading “Should You Be Implementing the Organic Rankine Cycle?”

A Common Debate: Axial or Radial Turbine?

Comparison of efficiency against power output for axial flow and radial inflow turbine configuration
Comparison of efficiency against power output for axial flow and radial inflow turbine configuration

The question always remains, which is better: axial or radial? But with that question are sub questions: Which application? Which fluid? What results are you looking for exactly?

In automobiles for waste heat recovery, we believe that radial inflow turbines are more suited for use. Here’s why:

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3 Categories and Sources of Vibrations

In view of the large number of blades in any turbine machine, the existence of unavoidable sources of vibration excitation and the serious consequences of the failure of just one blade, an intimate knowledge and understanding of the vibration characteristics of the blades in their operating environment is essential.

Vibration excitation can arise from a variety of sources but principally involves the following categories: Continue reading “3 Categories and Sources of Vibrations”

Retrofitting – Why Turbine Seals Are Important

Wreckage of 330 MW Turbine-generator from LP rotor burst
Wreckage of 330 MW Turbine-generator from LP rotor burst

Whether it is caused by a “poor” design, extreme operating conditions or even too much deterioration, turbine failures can occur. In order to help prevent these it is necessary to perform regular maintenance on all parts of the machine and control the conditions at which the turbine is operating at any moment in time as well as performing repairs and retrofits to keep the pieces in good shape.

One way to improve steam turbine efficiency is through better seals. However, when designed incorrectly they can create significant damages and performance losses in the turbine. Sealing steam turbine rotors presents several challenges. Any gap between the rotor and the packing lets the steam escape, dropping the pressure and wasting energy. If the packing ring is too tight, however, the rotor will rub, which creates localized hot spots. Continue reading “Retrofitting – Why Turbine Seals Are Important”

Carryover Losses – Steam and Gas Turbines

losses
Losses

A number of loss prediction methods exist in turbomachines. Concerning axial turbines, there are at least seven methods just for cascade losses! But there are also loss models developed to predict individual loss components such as secondary, seal and tip clearance losses and more.

Of course depending on the machine and application type, some of the models are more or less applicable to specific cases. But ff the different types of auxiliary losses, which are losses that do not belong to blade cascades and can be classified as whole stage, there are carryover losses.

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Working Fluid in Organic Rankine Cycles

orcfluid
ORC Fluid

The choice of the working fluid for any given application is a key issue and should be done based on specific applications to achieve maximal efficiency. For working fluids in ORC, a green energy alternative, there are some requirements to keep in mind:

•Thermodynamic performance
Low pump consumption and high critical point

•Positive or isentropic saturation vapor curve
Avoid wetness in flow path, i.e. avoid damages of flow path elements

•High vapor density
Decrease sizes of equipment (expander and condenser)

•Acceptable pressures
High pressures usually lead to higher investment cost and increasing complexity

•High stability temperature
Prevent from chemical deterioration and decomposition at high temperatures

•Low environmental impact and safety level
•Good availability and low cost Continue reading “Working Fluid in Organic Rankine Cycles”