The Origin of Rotordynamics

Rotordynamics, the study of vibrational energy in rotors, has a rich history dating back to North America during the 1750’s. This branch of applied mechanics began with theories, but advanced quickly due to practices – starting with Mr. W.J.M Rankine in 1869 and his spinning shaft experiment. Now, decades later, we have strengthened our understanding of rotordynamics and created leading software tools, including AxSTREAM, that are able to simulate analyses to stabilize and increase the reliability of a turbomachinery.

W.J.M Rankine

Not only was W.J.M Rankine a prestigious theoretical scientist and educator, he was a main contributor in the development of rotordynamics and he contributed to thermodynamics and the development of heat engines throughout his lifetime. During his spinning shaft experiment, he concluded that beyond the shaft’s first critical speed, the shaft would be unstable simply because its shape had been bent. By not taking into consideration support damping and Coriolis force in his analysis, many engineers were left confused for almost two centuries, until Gustaf de Laval, a Swedish engineer, ran a steam turbine to supercritical speeds in the late 1880’s. Laval also introduced the use of bearings to oppose absolute motion in his machinery. As the years went by, many other engineers discovered and investigated additional phenomenons (FEM for example) that have an influence in today’s practices.
It is because of these previous innovators that companies like SoftInWay have been able to develop the advanced  rotodynamics modules that we use today.

AxSTREAM, for example is a prime example of this. The software tool saves engineering time and cost and it ensures that no destructive rotor dynamicsvibration will occur in the rotor-bearing system. It is able to perform many analyses like Static Gravity Deflection, Critical Speeds, Damped Unbalance Response, Modal and Transient. It is because of the rich history of rotordynamic development that software platforms like AxSTREAM are able to ensure the best design and performance for your turbomachinery.

Figure 2: Demostration of AxSTREAM RotorDynamics

Reference:
1)http://www.universitystory.gla.ac.uk/biography/?id=WH0067&type=P
2)https://www.turbomachinerymag.com/vibration-the-pulse-of-rotating-machinery
3)http://www.softinway.com/engineering-services/rotor-dynamics

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